The Energy research Centre of the Netherlands (ECN) both undertakes fundamental research and the application of knowledge within the market. ECN focuses on the knowledge and information required by the government to develop and evaluate policies and to achieve policy objectives in the field of energy, the environment and technological innovation. ECN works together with national and international industry in the development and implementation of products, processes and technologies important for the transition to a sustainable energy system. ECN closely cooperates with Dutch and foreign universities and research institutes and performs a bridging function towards implementation by carrying out technological research. The business unit Policy Studies offers public authorities, companies and civil society independent advice with respect to energy and environmental issues. Innovation in the field of policy studies focuses on the enhancement of the synergy between market forces and goals of sustainability ECN is active in the following research fields: solar energy, wind energy, fuel cell research, hydrogen research, system integration, catalytic emission reduction, clean use of fossil fuels, CO2 capture & storage, biomass, biofuels, environmental research, energy efficiency, policy studies, process system engineering and software & electrical engineering.